World convicts to NSW

CONVICTS TO AUSTRALIA FROM OTHER PLACES

[This information below may include people who relocated from NSW to VDL – to be checked]

Resource Review. Sourced from website: Convict connections: An interest group of the Queensland Geneaological Society Inc.
http://www.convictconnections.org.au/reviews.html

Taken from AJCP Reel 118. (Copied pages can be found in Convict Connections folder 72 in our lending library.)
Secretary’s Office, Sydney
January 1821

“List of Convicts who have arrived in this Colony from the East Indies, Isle of France, and the Cape of Good Hope, from the Year 1812 to the Year 1818 Inclusive, with their Places, and Times, of Trial, and Sentences, Extracted from the Indents of the respective Vessels by which they arrived.”

This is the heading given to an interesting list of convicts sent to New South Wales. I have also added, from a separate list, those who arrived in 1819 and 1820.

Rather than just reproduce the list, I have tabled the names in alphabetical order to make it easier to locate a convicted man. We tend to forget that many convicts arrived here from the old British outposts in India, the Cape of Good Hope, Bermuda, Mauritius, Canada, etc. A large number were soldiers whose crimes included mutiny, desertion and insubordination. You will notice that the convict ships Atlas and Guildford picked up men from the Cape of Good Hope en route from England to Australia.

Further information on ships which carried prisoners from these outposts can be found on the Perth DPS web-site.

Bangalore – became part of British India in 1809.

Bengal – covered the entire north-east part of India, including what is now Bangladesh. The capital of the region was Calcutta.

Cannanore – on India’s west coast.

Dinapore – a British garrison town in the 19th century in India.

Madras – first major British settlement in India.

Meerut – important military garrison north-east of Delhi.

Secunderabad – near Hyderabad.

Fort William – the main military garrison in Calcutta.

 

Individuals immigrating/transported to NSW pre 1900 whose orgins were beyond the British Isles:

WILLIAM COSS born c.1805, TRIED:   23 August 1824, Cornwall Assizes, transported aged 19, one of 80 on “Norfolk”. Sentenced to Life at Cornwall Assizes, Transported to New South Wales. DIED:  1865, Young-NSW. SENTENCE:  Life. CRIME:  Stealing 12s from Thomas Keskeys at Perran. FAMILY –Possibly William Coss, born about 1806 in Devon, son of William and Ann, baptised 23 September 1806 at Ashburton, Devon. Native Place:  ?? – possibly Ashburton-Devon (shown as a Mulatto in newspaper.
http://boards.ancestry.com.au/surnames.coss/166/mb.ashx
NEW SOUTH WALESTicket of Leave: 1840 – Ticket of Leave, No 40/248, issued in the District of Goulburn Conditional Pardon:1 October 1848 – Conditional Pardon, No 48/1796 Deaths: 1865 – William Coss, aged 58 years, died Young-NSW (2912/1865). 1895 – Bridget Coss, died Young-NSW (3454/1895) Marriage and Children: 1846 – William Coss married Bridget Fudge, Goulburn (V1846363 31C/1846)
Children born to William and Bridget Coss –
1847 – Susan Mellish. Coss – (V18471623 32A/1847)
1849 – William Coss – (V184963 66/1849)
1851 – Henry Coss – (V1851489 68/1851)
John Coss
Catherine Coss
Ann Coss
Mary Jane Coss
Margaret Coss
(Last five children were found on the First Families website)
1872 Post Office Directory: Young-NSW : William Coss, Blacksmith
Sydney Morning Herald, 7 June 1877William Coss, jnr, not responsible for his wife’s debts http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/13395152?searchTerm=”william coss” young&searchLimits=
NEWSPAPER REPORTS – ROYAL CORNWALL GAZETTE, 28 AUGUST 1824 – CORNWALL SUMMER ASSIZE –  William Coss (19), a mulatto, was indicted for stealing from Thomas Keskeys, twelve shillings, at Perran, on the 6th of the present month. The prosecutor was engaged in Perran fair in assisting farmers in taking care of their cattle; and the produce of his day’s exertions, about 12s, being securely deposited in his pocket, he fell asleep on the floor of the cellar chamber of a public house at Perran. At this time the prisoner and a person named Jones were also in the chamber; after having enjoyed about an hour’s sleep the prosecutor awoke, and having no very great reliance on the honesty of his companions, the first thing he did was to thrust his hand into his pocket when, he discovered, that his trowsers and pocket were cut through, and all his money gone. He searched all around on the floor, but not a sixpence was to be found. Jones, who was now the only person present, told Keskey’s that whilst he was asleep the prisoner had been fumbling about his person; and he (Jones) had heard what he thought the clinking of money, and that the prisoner had immediately left the room. This was proof positive, and therefore the prosecutor and Jones sallied forth in search of the delinquent, whom they found in bed at the mumper’s inn at Marazion, about a mile and a half from Perran. The prosecutor speedily aroused him from his slumbers; charged him with the robbery, and avowed his determination of committing him to the custody of a constable. The prisoner is well known throughout the county, as keeper of a gaming table at fairs, and who had more than once been in custody; he offered to give the prosecutor seven shillings to compromise the matter: but this not being satisfactory, a constable was called, and the prisoner placed in his custody. The prisoner made no defence, and the Jury returned a verdict of Guilty. His Lordship said, that in consequence of his bad character, he should send him out of the country; and he accordingly sentenced him to be transported for Life.
REFERENCES – First Families – http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/10421/20041220-000/www.firstfamilies2001.net.au/firstfamily02b5.html
Ashburton-Devonhttp://www.ukgenealogyarchives.org/england/Devon/towns/Ashburton.html
TS (Thanks to Trish Symonds for providing the above information)

Name Ship came by Tried Where Tried When Sentence
Appleyard, Wilson Johnson Seaflower, arrived Apr 1820 from India Calcutta 14 Jul 1819 7 years
Barry, Patrick Frederick 1815 Madras 5 Oct 1813 7 years
Bland, William Frederick 1814 Bombay 28 Apr 1813 7 years
Bowers, John Perry Seaflower, arrived Apr 1820 from India Calcutta 14 Jul 1819 7 years
Boyle, Patrick Hayeston 1816 Bombay 25 Jul 1815 7 years
Brabazon, Thomas St Michael 1820 Glenelg transport off Island of Kenn, Persian GulphCourt Martial 10 Feb 1820 life
Brady, Goine Greyhound (Brig) 1818 Madras 21 Apr 1817 7 years
Branmer, John Britannia 1814 SecundrabadCourt Martial 1 Aug 1812 7 yrs and to serve afterwards as a soldier for life
Buckley, John Mariner 1816 Cape of Good Hope 18 Jan 1814 life
Burnett, Patrick Seaflower, arrived Apr 1820 from India Madras 19 Apr 1819 life
Butler, John Frederick 1817 CananoreCourt Martial 27 Dec 1815 life
Cockroft, John Atlas, convict transport touched at Cape of Good Hope 1819 Cape Town 1817 life
Connor, John Mary 1817 Madras 8 Jan 1816 7 years
Coogan, Michael Atlas, convict transport touched at Cape of Good Hope 1819 Cape Town 1817 life
Crabtree, James St Michael 1820 Bombay Supreme Court 18 Oct 1819 14 years
Dawson, Thomas Haldane (Brig) arrived Dec 1820 Madras 17 Apr 1820 7 years
De Haan, C Guildford, male, English, convict transport touched at Cape of Good Hope on way hither from England 1820 Cape Town 22 jan 1820 5 years
De Silva, Anthony Eliza 1813 Madras 5 Oct 1812 5 years
Dogherty, James Britannia 1814 Madras 16 Apr 1812 7 years
Dougherty, John Greyhound (Brig) 1818 SecundrabarCourt Martial 16 Jun 1817 14 years
Douglas, James Frederick 1815 CeylonCourt Martial 9 May 1814 Life
Duffy, Barnard Britannia 1814 Madras 12 Apr 1813 life
Ellison, David Jeune Ferdinand (Schooner) 1817 Isle of France 16 Aug 1817 7 years
Fallis, Joseph Britannia 1814 SecundrabadCourt Martial 1 Aug 1812 7 yrs and to serve afterwards as a soldier for life
Farnham, Thomas Hayeston 1816 Bombay 25 Jul 1815 7 years
Farrell, William Seaflower, arrived Apr 1820 from India Calcutta 4 Sep 1819 7 years
Fitzpatrick, James St Michael 1820 BangaloreCourt Martial, Judges warrant 12 Nov 1819 7 years
Forbes, Francis Ewin Mary 1817 Bengal 19 Nov 1816 14 years
French, John Eliza 1815 Isle of France 1810 7 years
Frew, david Frederick 1817 Fort WilliamCourt Martial 6 May 1816 life
Gallagher, Thomas Eliza 1813 Bombay 10 Feb life
Gallagher, Thomas Hayeston 1816 Calcutta 30 Jun 1815 7 years
Garthelney Guide (Brig) 1818 Bengal 7 Nov 1817 5 years
Garton, George Mary 1817 Madras 5 Oct 1815 life
Green, William Frederick 1815 Bengal 25 Jun 1814 life
Halkett, James Frederick 1814 Bengal 1812 life
Hall, Thomas St Michael 1820 Madras G D 3 Jan 1820 life
Hanson, John Mary 1817 Madras 18 Apr 1816 10 years
Harrison, John Colombo 6 Oct 1815 7 years
Haslem, Owen Frederick 1817 FumbriddumCourt Martial 10 Apr 1815 life
Head, John Seaflower, arrived Apr 1820 from India MeerutCourt Martial 17 Nov 1818 7 years
Henkings, William Eliza 1813 Bombay 13 Jul life
Hilton, Joseph Haldane (Brig) arrived Dec 1820 Madras 17 Apr 1820 7 years
Hitchcock, William Atlas, convict transport touched at Cape of Good Hope 1819 Cape Town 1817 life
Holland, John Atlas, convict transport touched at Cape of Good Hope 1819 Cape Town 1817 life
Howe, Michael Eliza 1815 Isle of France 1813 5 years
Howes, John Greyhound (Brig) 1818 Madras 21 Apr 1817 7 years
Hudson, John St Michael 1820 Bombay G D 31 Jan 1820 7 years
Joseph, Francisco Eliza 1813 Bombay 13 Jul life
Kain, Michael Seaflower, arrived Apr 1820 from India CalcuttaCourt Martial 9 Jan 1819 life
Kay, James Kangaroo 1816 HM Brig Colombo 14 Aug 1815 7 years
Kearnes, John Kangaroo 1816 HM Brig Colombo 24 Apr 1815 7 years
Kirby, John Mary 1817 Bengal 19 Nov 1816 7 years
Kirwan, Dennis Hayeston 1816 CalcuttaCourt Martial 12 Mar 1814 life
Laffin, John Haldane (Brig) arrived Dec 1820 MadrasCourt Martial 2 May 1820 life
Laflear, Joseph Atlas,  convict transport touched at Cape of Good Hope 1819 Cape Town 1817 14 years
Lamb, Dennis Hayeston 1816 Madras 17 Apr 1815 life
Landers, Morris Frederick 1815 Madras 11 Jul 1814 life
Lennon, Peter Guildford, convict transport touched at Cape of Good Hope on way hither from England 1820 Cape Town 29 May1820 Commutation of sentence of death to transportation
Lewis, Llewellen Britannia 1814 MeerutCourt Martial 21 Jan 1812 life
Lickler, Samuel Guide (Brig) 1818 Madras 3 Nov 1817 life
Linden, Henry Britannia 1814 Madras 16 Apr 1812 7 years
Lighton, Thomas Hayeston 1816 Madras 4 Jan 1815 life
Louis, Albertus Wynand Atlas, convict transport touched at Cape of Good Hope 1819 Cape Town Sep 1818 life
Lowe, James Britannia 1814 SecundrabadCourt Martial 1 Aug 1812 7 yrs and to serve afterwards as a soldier for life
Madden, Thomas Atlas, convict transport touched at Cape of Good Hope 1819 Cape Town Sep 1818 life
McDonald, John Hayeston 1816 Madras 17 Apr 1815 life
McGuire, Edward Britannia 1814 Madras 16 Apr 1812 7 years
Mc Hugh, Francis Frederick 1817 DinaporeCourt Martial 10 Apr 1816 7 years
McLaughlin, Peter Seaflower, arrived Apr 1820 from India Calcutta 14 Jul 1819 14 years
Merchant, John St Michael 1820 Madras G D 3 Jan 1820 life
Miller, John Colombo 6 Oct 1815 7 years
Moassie, Pier Atlas, English Mate, convict transport touched at Cape of Good Hope 1819 Cape Town 1817 14 years
Moore, John Frederick 1816 Bengal 6 Nov 1815 7 years
Morrow, John Atlas, convict transport touched at Cape of Good Hope 1819 Cape Town 1817 life
Muston, William Seaflower, arrived Apr 1820 from India Calcutta 5 Jul 1819 life
Nowland, Bryan Mary 1817 Madras 18 Apr 1816 7 years
Odin (native of Colombo) Kangaroo 1816 HM Brig ColomboCourt Martial 4 Jun 1815 life
Orchard, William Jeune Ferdinand (Schooner) 1817 Isle of France 16 Aug 1817 7 years
Owen, Thomas Jeune Ferdinand (Schooner) 1817 Isle of France 16 Aug 1817 7 years
Paget, Thomas Frederick 1817 Bangalore 25 Oct 1815 life
Peters, John Britannia 1814 St Denis, Isle de FranceCourt Martial 17 Sep 1810 life
Perkins, William Atlas, convict transport touched at Cape of Good Hope 1819 Cape Town Jun 1818 3 years
Picking Little mary (Schooner) 1819 Mauritius 22 Jan 1818 7 years
Pluck/ Plook, John Greyhound (Brig) 1818 Fort WilliamCourt Martial 15 May 1817 7 years
Porter, John Hayeston 1816 Madras 10 Oct 1814 7 years
Randall, William Frederick 1814 Bombay 28 Apr 1813 8 years
Rawlins, Edward Atlas, convict transport touched at Cape of Good Hope 1819 Cape Town 1817 life
Rigley, John Greyhound (Brig) 1818 Madras 7 Jul 1817 14 years
Roach, Cornelius Eliza 1813 Bombay 10 Feb life
Robjent, Thomas Hayeston 1816 Bombay 7 Jan 1814 life
Sharpe, Robert Frederick 1817 BangaloreCourt Martial 25 Oct 1815 life
Singleton, John Atlas, touched at Cape of Good Hope 1819 Cape Town 1818 5 years
Slater, William Hayeston 1816 Madras 4 Jan 1815 7 years
Smith, James Greyhound (Brig) 1818 MeerutCourt Martial 15 Dec 1816 life
Steward, John Jeune Ferdinand (Schooner) 1817 Isle of France 16 Aug 1817 7 years
Strettles, Thomas Little Mary (Schooner) 1819 Mauritius 23 Oct 1817 life
Sullivan, William Colombo 6 Oct 1815 7 years
Thompson, John Campbell Macquarie (brig) 1812 Bengal 21 Dec 1810 7 years
Taylor, Abraham Campbell Macquarie (brig) 1812 Bombay 12 Oct 1810 Life
Toole, William Guide (Brig) 1818 Bengal 7 Nov 1817 7 years
Ward, Clara Campbell Macquarie (brig) 1812 Bengal 21 Dec 1810 7 years
Ward, Thomas Britannia 1814 Fort GeorgeCourt martial 12 May 1813 7 years, then at His Majesty’s disposal
Wheland, John Seaflower, arrived Apr 1820 from India MeerutCourt Martial 15 Jan 1819 7 years
Whiley, James Frederick 1817 BangaloreCourt Martial 25 Oct 1815 7 years
White, William Hayeston 1816 Bombay 25 Jul 1815 7 years
Williams, James Frederick 1815 Ceylon 19 Feb 1814 Life
Williams, Thomas Guide (Brig) 1818 Bengal 7 Nov 1817 life
Wilson, Alexander Greyhound (Brig) 1818 Madras 7 Jul 1817 14 years
Winchester, Andrew Guildford, convict transport touched at Cape of Good Hope on way hither from England 1820 Cape Town 29 May1820 Commutation of sentence of death to transportation
Woodhart, Edward Guildford, convict transport touched at Cape of Good Hope on way hither from England 1820 Cape Town 22 Jun 1820 7 years

Responses

  1. I am researching the voyage of the Guildford 1820. I can confirm that there are five convicts in this list that ended up in VDL. The four Guildford convicts mentioned Edward Woodhart (my gg grandfather), Andrew Winchester, Peter Lennon (all English), C De Haan (Africaan) AND John Head (off the Seaflower -Irish). John Head arrived on the Seaflower in April 1820 but by October 1820 was in Sydney goal on the chain gang. He must have done something that ‘cheesed Lach M acq’ off because he put him on the Guildford at Sydney on 16 Oct 1820 and he was retransported (if that’s the word) to VDL.

  2. PS Winchester and Lennon were court-martialed and Edward Woodhart was tried in a civil South African court, even though he was a British Soldier.

    PPS Woodhart eventually moved to Sydney and became the Overseer of the Sydney Botanical Gardens 1844 to 1846.

  3. Hi Kieran, I am trying to trace my G/G/grandfather, Louis Edward Rose who was born in Mauritius about 1835 and came to Victoria, Australia at some stage afterwards.
    If the info he gave on his marriage certificate is correct, he sometimes went by just Edward Rose and other times Louie. I know that he was dark skinned but whether he was a slave transported or came out here of his own accord I have no idea. My father thought there was some Maori blood in our family until I started researching family history and found the connection to Mauritius. I was pleased to see your site online but am at a loss as to where to go from here. Any ideas?
    Cheers, Karen Matthews.
    karen.matthews@geelongadvertiser.com.au

    • hi Karen

      I think you should subscribe online to aus-vic at rootsweb.
      It is the Victorian family history email list [from the rootsweb vast series of searching groups] and post your query to that. I feel certain you will find many helpful people coming forward with suggestions and answers.

      Go to:
      http://lists.rootsweb.ancestry.com/index/intl/AUS/AUS-VIC.html

      All the best
      Julie


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